The much-anticipated legislation follows days of haggling by lawmakers over several sticking points that had raised questions about whether negotiations would collapse.
Here’s a breakdown of what’s in the bill.
This money can be used to implement and manage red flag programs, which aim to keep guns out of reach of those who pose a threat to themselves or others. It can also be used for other crisis intervention programs like mental health courts, drug courts, and veterans courts.
Whether the money could be used for things other than red flag laws was a main sticking point late in the negotiations, and Republicans were able to get money for states that didn’t. have no red flag laws but have other crisis intervention programs.
Closing the so-called boyfriend loophole
This legislation fills a years-old loophole in domestic violence law that prohibited people who had been convicted of crimes of domestic violence against spouses or partners with whom they shared children or with whom they cohabited, from have guns. The old laws did not include intimate partners who could not live together, be married or share children. The new bill would prohibit anyone convicted of a crime of domestic violence against someone with whom they have a “serious and ongoing relationship of a romantic or intimate nature” from having a firearm. The provision is not retroactive.
The bill, however, would allow those convicted of domestic violence offenses to reinstate their gun rights after five years if they have not committed other crimes.
Requires more gun dealers to register as federally licensed gun dealers
The bill targets people who sell firearms as their primary source of income, but who have previously avoided registering as federally licensed firearms dealers. This is important because federally licensed dealers are required to administer background checks before selling a firearm to someone.
Closer reviews of 18-21 year olds looking to buy guns
The bill encourages states to include minors’ records in the nation’s instant criminal background check system with grants, as well as to implement a new protocol for checking those records. It gives NICS three days to review an individual’s case. If anything potentially disqualifying happens, the NICS gets an additional seven days. If the review is not completed by then, the arms transfer is completed.
Creates new federal laws against gun trafficking and straw trafficking
The bill makes it easier to prosecute those who buy guns for people who are not authorized to buy guns on their own.
Increases funding for mental health and school safety programs
That money is being directed to a range of programs, many of which already exist but would be funded more robustly under the new law.
What to watch next
This legislation largely mirrors what was in the bipartisan framework last week, but includes a few additional changes. The next big push will be making sure the 10 Republicans who backed the original framework still agree with the bill now that the text has been unveiled.